Parameters

Ketones

This test analyses the levels of ketones in your urine.

 

Ketones are formed when fat is broken down for energy. This happens when glucose from carbohydrates is in short supply. If you’re on a Keto-diet, it’s an indicator of your ketosis

state.

Nutrition

This test analyses the acid/alkaline level of your urine.

 

One of the major factors affecting urinary pH is the food we eat. A diet high in grains and animal products can increase acidity, whereas plant foods have an alkalising effect. Over time, high acidity causes the body to deplete minerals from bones as an alkalising buffer. This can affect bone health. A balanced pH is essential for energy, performance, and optimal functioning of all body systems.

Vitamin C

This test analyses vitamin C levels.

 

Humans cannot make their own vitamin C; we must get it from our diet. It is a powerful antioxidant nutrient that protects cells against damage by harmful molecules called free radicals. Vitamin C is needed for strong immunity, energy, wound healing, healthy vision, and coping with stress. It is water soluble, and any unused vitamin C is excreted in urine.

Hydration

This test analyses the hydration level of your body.

 

Being well-hydrated is key to increasing your everyday performance.

Electrolytes

At present this test analyses the Calcium levels in your urine.

 

Maintaining your electrolyte balance guarantees proper nerve and muscle functioning and helps you increase your sport performance.

References

Welch A.A., Mulligan A., Bingham S.A., Khaw K., 2008. Urine pH is an indicator of dietary acid–base load, fruit and vegetables and meat intakes: results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Norfolk population study British Journal of Nutrition [e-journal] vol 99 iss.6 1335-1343 doi.org/10.1017/S0007114507862350

 

Bono M.J., Reygaert W.C., Urinary Tract Infection.  In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Available from: <https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK470195/> [Accessed 13th June 2020]

 

Logan-Sprenger H.M., Spriet L. L., 2013. The Acute Effects of Fluid Intake on Urine Specific Gravity and Fluid Retention in a Mildly Dehydrated State Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research [online] Vol27 Iss. 4 1002-1008 doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31826052c7

 

Gershuni, V.M., Yan, S.L. & Medici, V. 2018. Nutritional Ketosis for Weight Management and Reversal of Metabolic Syndrome. Current Nutrition Reports [online]7, 97–106 doi.org/10.1007/s13668-018-0235-0

 

King, G., Beins, M., Larkin, J. Summers B., Ordman A.B., 1994. Rate of excretion of vitamin C in human urine. AGE [online] 17, 87–92 doi.org/10.1007/BF02435011

 

Nikolac Gabaj, N., Miler, M., Unic, A., Milevoj Kopcinovic, L., Vrtaric, A., & Culej, J. 2020. Ascorbic acid in urine still compromises urinalysis results. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry [online] vol57(1), 64–68. doi.org/10.1177/0004563219882051

 

Jacob R.A., Sotoudeh G., 2002. Vitamin C function and status in chronic disease. Nutrition in Clinical Care [online] vol5(2) 66‐74. doi:10.1046/j.1523-5408.2002.00005.x

 

Foley K.F., Boccuzzi L., 2010. Urine Calcium: Laboratory Measurement and Clinical Utility, Laboratory Medicine [online] vol41 (11) 683–686 doi.org/10.1309/LM9SO94ZNBHEDNTM

 

Park, S. M., Jee, J., Joung, J. Y., Cho, Y. Y., Sohn, S. Y., Jin, S. M., Hur, K. Y., Kim, J. H., Kim, S. W., Chung, J. H., Lee, M. K., & Min, Y. K., 2014. High Dietary Sodium Intake Assessed by 24-hour Urine Specimen Increase Urinary Calcium Excretion and Bone Resorption Marker Journal of bone metabolism [online] vol21(3) 189–194. doi.org/10.11005/jbm.2014.21.3.189

 

Frassetto L, Banerjee T, Powe N, Sebastian A., 2018.  Acid Balance, Dietary Acid Load, and Bone Effects-A Controversial Subject. Nutrients [online] vol10(4) 517. doi:10.3390/nu10040517

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